Because the elderly often have calcium in their coronary arteries without significant narrowing, EBCT is of limited value in this age group. The advantage of EBCT is to detect young people with one or more risk factors for heart disease. An ECG includes measuring ECG spores before, during and after emphasizing the heart through exercise. You walk on a treadmill while you are connected to an ECG machine.
Also, when patients appear in the emergency room with symptoms of a heart attack, they work with cardiologists to quickly treat the patient to restore blood flow to the dying heart muscle. In addition to confirming the diagnosis with cardiac catheterization, they can often perform angioplasty to widen or open a narrow or blocked artery and restore blood flow to the heart muscle. In addition, cardiologists help control patients with chest pain to minimize the risk of future heart muscle damage.
A normal electrocardiogram does not rule out cardiovascular disease and blockage of the coronary artery; Narrowing of the coronary arteries may occur that have not yet caused damage to the heart muscle. An abnormal electrocardiogram can be a “normal” variant for that patient and the result should be interpreted depending on the patient’s circumstances. Coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, heart attack – any type of heart problem requires different treatment, but can share similar warning signs. It is important to consult your doctor so that you can get a correct diagnosis and prompt treatment.
Nitrates help widen the blood vessels and increase blood flow to the heart muscle. They can work briefly to treat symptoms of acute angina, or long-acting preparations can be prescribed for prevention. Very often, the healthcare provider, perhaps in consultation with a cardiologist, will order the least invasive test to determine if coronary artery disease is present. Women under 65, especially women with a family history of heart disease, should also pay close attention to risk factors for heart disease. The most common symptom of a heart attack in women is the same as in men: a type of chest pain, pressure or discomfort that lasts or comes and goes for more than a few minutes.
These symptoms can be vague and not as noticeable as the crushing chest pain often associated with heart attacks. In general, the black community has higher rates of some of the major risk factors for heart disease, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and obesity. Eliminating the root causes of these risk factors is difficult, but researchers believe that a combination of socio-economic factors, the environment, education, stress levels and culture is at stake. For example, some studies suggest that African Americans have a gene that makes them more sensitive to salt, AHA notes In general, such small blockages are treated medically; Lifestyle changes and changes in risk factors are recommended to prevent deterioration of the blockade.
If you are at high risk of heart disease, have diabetes or have already had a heart attack, your target levels will be lower than those of people at low or medium risk. Very often, the symptoms of cardiovascular disease worsen over time as the narrowing of the affected coronary artery progresses over time and blood flow to that part of the heart decreases. It may take less activity to cause symptoms to occur and it may take longer for those symptoms to improve at rest. This change in exercise tolerance is helpful for making the diagnosis. Coronary arteries supply blood to the heart muscle, and coronary artery disease occurs when cholesterol plaque builds up within the arterial walls. Over time, this plaque build-up may partially block the vein and reduce blood flow through it.
The availability of stainless steel stents has broadened the spectrum of patients suitable for PCI Cardiothoracic surgeons operate on the heart and perform bypass surgery on the coronary artery if the coronary arteries are severely blocked and the patient is not a candidate for angioplasty. These surgeons also repair or replace the heart valves and perform other surgeries involving heart doctor near me the structure of the heart. The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology have developed guidelines for healthcare professionals to advise and treat their patients to reduce the risk of developing heart disease. New attention is being paid to the role of weight reduction, diet, exercise and the use of cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins.
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of angina, but there are other causes. Treatment with angina generally includes lifestyle modification, medications and sometimes surgery. The risk of angina can be reduced by following a heart-healthy lifestyle.
How long heart disease persists depends on the type of heart condition an individual has and the severity of the condition. For example, a person can reverse the effects of coronary artery disease over time with proper treatment and lifestyle changes. If someone in your immediate family has had coronary artery disease, angina or heart attack at the age of 55, your risk of developing heart disease increases. If heart disease occurs in the family, talk to your doctor about genetic counseling. Because risk factors are interrelated, many are present in the same person, so moderate changes in one part of their lives often reduce other risk factors at the same time.
Hypertensive heart disease is the leading cause of death for people with high blood pressure, so it is important that you start treating high blood pressure as soon as possible. Treatment can stop complications and potentially prevent further damage. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your family history. But it is still important to reduce your chances of developing heart disease by reducing the risk factors you can control. Your doctor may prescribe medications that can cure or control your heart condition. Medicines can also be prescribed to slow or stop the risk of complications.