Anemia In Children And Adolescents


It is estimated that two-thirds of children and women of reproductive age in most developing countries are deficient in iron without anemia; a third of them are deficient in iron with anemia. Iron deficiency due to inadequate iron food consumption is rare in men and women who are postmenopausal. The diagnosis of iron deficiency requires the search for possible sources of blood loss, such as gastrointestinal bleeding due to ulcers or colon cancer. People with anemia and chronic kidney disease may have lower iron levels that are used to make red blood cells. This may be due to the fact that you do not have enough iron in your diet or to lose blood, either by blood tests or during dialysis. Iron deficiency anemia is due to insufficient food intake or iron absorption to meet the needs of the body.

Certain groups of individuals, such as pregnant women, benefit from the use of iron pills for prevention. Food supplementation is not recommended, without determining the specific cause. The use of blood transfusions is generally based on the signs and symptoms of a person. In those who do not show symptoms, they are only recommended if the hemoglobin levels are less than 60 to 80 g / L (6 to 8 g / dL). These recommendations may also apply to certain people suffering from acute bleeding.

For example, the attending physician may expect someone receiving chemotherapy for cancer to have bone marrow problems related to chemotherapy. Therefore, the doctor can check the blood count regularly and if the levels reach a sufficiently low level, he can order a transfusion of red blood cells to help detect symptoms of anemia. Because anemia is just a symptom of another disease, doctors will want to determine what condition causes anemia. Some people may need many additional tests, and others may need very little.

Abundant menstrual bleeding and blood loss during work are the most common causes of iron deficiency anemia in women of childbearing age. In women of childbearing potential, the most common cause of iron deficiency anemia is loss of iron in the blood due to severe menstruation or pregnancy. Poor diet or certain intestinal diseases that affect the way the body absorbs iron can also cause iron deficiency anemia. This most common type of anemia is caused by iron shortages in your body. Without adequate iron, your body cannot do enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.

In general, women who have not had menopause have a higher risk of iron deficiency anemia than men and women who are menopausal. This rare and deadly anemia occurs when your body does not produce enough red blood cells. The causes of aplastic anemia include infections, certain drugs, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals. Generally, people can eliminate iron deficiency anemia by taking iron as pills and adding iron to their diet. If your anemia is not corrected with these treatments, your doctor may do more tests to find other causes of your anemia, such as further bleeding or difficulty absorbing the iron from the pills.

First, the underlying cause of anemia must be identified and corrected. For example, anemia due to blood loss due to a stomach ulcer should start with medicines to cure the ulcer. Likewise, surgery is often necessary to eliminate colon cancer which causes chronic blood loss and anemia. Aplastic anemia is a deadly form of complete bone marrow failure. As a result, the blood contains an insufficient number of red blood cells, as well as insufficient white blood cells and platelets .

These tests may be the same as those originally used to diagnose your anemia. Anemia treatment plans are individualized based on the severity of the disease, the underlying cause, coexisting diseases and complications, the age of the patient and other 經血過多 factors. Treatment involves a multifaceted plan that addresses the underlying cause, such as iron deficiency or vitamin B 12 deficiency. The underlying cause of these conditions should also be diagnosed and treated to reduce the risk of complications.

When anemia ignites quickly, symptoms may include confusion, dizziness, loss of consciousness and increased thirst. Anemia must be significant before a person becomes significantly pale. Additional symptoms may appear depending on the underlying cause.